Phoenix (/'fi/nIks/ FEE/niks; Navajo; Hoozdo) is the capital of Arizona. It has 1,608,139 inhabitants as of 2020. It is also the fifth most populous US city, the largest by population and the only state capital that has more than 1 million residents.
Phoenix is the heart of the Phoenix metropolitan region, also known by the Valley of the Sun. It is part of the Salt River Valley. With 4.85 million residents, the metropolitan area is the 11th largest in terms of population in the United States. Phoenix, the seat of Maricopa County, is the largest city in Arizona at 517.9 sq miles (1,341km2), more than twice as large as Tucson and one the largest cities in America.
The St. Joseph's Hospital & Medical Center's Barrow Neurological Institute (BNI), is the largest dedicated neurosurgical center in the world and a leader for neurosurgical training, research and patient care. BNI is home to more operative neurosurgical procedures than any other American institution.
In 1972, Phoenix was made a member of the international Sister City network by the creation of the Phoenix Sister Cities organization (PSC). The organization would take several years to become officially recognized. They did not file for Articles of Incorporation until 1975 and they did not enter into their first Sister City agreement with Hermosillo in Mexico until 1976. Their mission statement states that their goal is to create people-to-people connections between residents of Phoenix and their sister cities through cultural, educational and artistic exchange programs and events that create, sustain, and promote global, long-term, and international partnerships and business opportunities. The table below shows that Phoenix has ten sister-cities, as determined by Sister Cities International and the Phoenix Sister Cities Commission. Since May 1991, Phoenix and Prague have had a Capital Cities relationship. This relationship was extended to Sister City Status in 2013.
St. Joseph's Hospital & Medical Center is part Dignity Health, formerly Catholic Healthcare West, one of the largest healthcare networks in the western United States. St. Joseph's Hospital and Medical Center is a non-profit hospital that advocates for the poor and underserved. John C. Lincoln North Mountain Hospital, a general and surgical hospital, performed almost at the level of U.S. News Best Hospitals nationally in four adult specialties. According to U.S. News & World Report, the Phoenix Children's Hospital has been ranked nationally in five pediatric specialties. It is a 425-bed children's teaching hospital. Arizona Heart Institute was established in 1971 and is internationally recognized as one of the first outpatient clinics that are completely dedicated to cardiovascular health.
Banner Health, a non-profit American health system, is based in Phoenix. It operates 23 hospitals and specialized facilities. With more than 35,000 employees, the health system is Arizona's second largest employer. Banner Health was formed in 1999 by the merger of Lutheran Health Systems (based in North Dakota) and Samaritan Health System (based in Phoenix). Four Banner hospitals are among the top ten hospitals in the city, and 12 in the state.Phoenix AZ Martin Auto Museum
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